IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY,2016年65(8):6010-6023 ISSN：0018-9545
[ Poor, H. Vincent ; Ding, Zhiguo ] Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton;[ Poor, H. Vincent ; Ding, Zhiguo ] NJ;[ Poor, H. Vincent ; Ding, Zhiguo ] 08544, United States;[ Fan, Pingzhi ] Institute of Mobile Communications, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu;[ Fan, Pingzhi ] 610031, China
Wang, Xin;Jiang, Man;Zhou, Zuowan;Gou, Jihua;Hui, David
Composites Part B: Engineering,2017年110:442-458 ISSN：1359-8368
[Gou, Jihua; Wang, Xin] Composite Materials and Structures Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando;[Gou, Jihua; Wang, Xin] FL;[Gou, Jihua; Wang, Xin] 32816, United States;[Jiang, Man; Zhou, Zuowan] Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu;[Jiang, Man; Zhou, Zuowan] 610031, China
[Gou, JH] Univ Cent Florida, Dept Mech & Aerosp Engn, Composite Mat & Struct Lab, Orlando, FL 32816 USA.
The use of 3D printing for rapid tooling and manufacturing has promised to produce components with complex geometries according to computer designs. Due to the intrinsically limited mechanical properties and functionalities of printed pure polymer parts, there is a critical need to develop printable polymer composites with high performance. 3D printing offers many advantages in the fabrication of composites, including high precision, cost effective and customized geometry. This article gives an overview on 3D printing techniques of polymer composite materials and the properties and performance of 3D printed composite parts as well as their potential applications in the fields of biomedical, electronics and aerospace engineering. Common 3D printing techniques such as fused deposition modeling, selective laser sintering, inkjet 3D printing, stereolithography, and 3D plotting are introduced. The formation methodology and the performance of particle-, fiber- and nanomaterial-reinforced polymer composites are emphasized. Finally, important limitations are identified to motivate the future research of 3D printing. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.