Wagner's Law;historical limitations;new public management movement;overview and commentary
As a conclusion derived from empirical analysis, Wagner's Law has forecasted properly that the amount of government's public expenditure would rise with economic development. However, Wagner's Law has been given a fierce attack theoretically and practically because of the continuous evolution of public administration, especially the beginning and expanding of New Public Management around the world. The reforms of the administrative system at all levels performed by the New Public Management Movement bring about inevitable influence on the public economy naturally, which can find expression in the restraint on the government scale that directly results from the optimization of the economic function of the government and the adjustment of the operational mechanism, inflicting challenging impact on the Wagner's Law all over the world. In sum, it is necessary to reconsider the historical limitations of Wagner's Law.
Low carbon economy;Development pattern;Nature-oriented development
For a developing country such as China, it is important to select a fair pattern that is suitable for China's national conditions for low carbon-economy development, as it has a direct impact on the success (or not) of low carbon-economy development. This research shows that, under the real-life conditions of China's development, different development patterns should be practised depending on specific socioeconomic conditions. Among them, one of the most critical issues is how to make full use of natural forces, and thus the nature-oriented development pattern should be practised in full. At the same time, China should still practise either the single regional differential or the multi-regional linkage development pattern under different conditions and either the imposed or the induced development pattern at the different stages of development. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Environment, Development and Sustainability,2015年17(1):123-136 ISSN：1387-585X
[Dou, Xiangsheng; Dou, XS] Southwest Jiaotong Univ, Sch Publ Adm, Ctr Int Econ Res, Chengdu 610031, Peoples R China.
[Dou, Xiangsheng] Southwest Jiaotong Univ, Sch Publ Adm, Ctr Int Econ Res, Chengdu 610031, Peoples R China.
Low carbon economy regards economic system as an integral part of natural world, and its goal is through reducing and saving materials (minus materialization such as energy saving, consumption cut and greenhouse gas emission reduction) to realize harmonious development between man and nature to create a higher standard of living, better quality of life and more opportunity for development for people. Therefore, low carbon economy is a new economic development pattern, philosophy and way of subverting traditional economy and is an important impetus for economic and social development. How to develop low carbon economy is an economic and technical issue as well as a political issue. In the context of globalization, it is a great economic game in the world, and only the country taking an advantage in this game will be able to win a greater space and a better opportunity for development. Clearly, low carbon economy represents the future direction and trend of economic development, and it is the basis and condition of realizing sustainable development.
Environmental pollution caused by food waste has become increasingly prominent. How to effectively treat food waste has become one of the most important problems that must be addressed in the future development of China's cities. At present, the collection, transport and treatment of urban food and other waste in China are primarily implemented by municipal environmental protection department as a public service, but its market-oriented operation and enterprise-style management have not been practiced. Moreover, its treatment technique and method are based mainly on landfills. Therefore, the level of resource recovery, energy utilization and harmless treatment of food waste is low, while food waste treatment is still in the primary stage of development. This paper investigates the choice of food waste treatment technologies and its practical application. The results demonstrate that food waste treatment should focus on its generation reduction from the source. At the same time, an integrated waste management from the waste generation, collection, transport to the latest treatment must be implemented. To this end, it is necessary to carry out a major innovation in relevant system, technology, management and policy to achieve an advanced and innovative waste treatment.
[Chen, Liangyin; Xiong, Xunde; Zhang, Jingyu] School of Computer Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China;[Luo, Qian] Second Research Institute of General Administration of Civil Aviation of China, Chengdu, China;[Chen, Yanru] School of Public Administration, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China;[Yin, Feng] Center of Network Management, Southwest University for Nationalities, Chengdu, China;[Liu, Kai] School of Electrical Engineering and Information, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
[You Chaozhong] South West Jiaotong Univ, Sch Publ Adm, Cheng, Peoples R China.;null
2nd International Conference on Advanced Information and Communication Technology for Education (ICAICTE)
AUG 16-17, 2014
Dalian, PEOPLES R CHINA
[You Chaozhong] South West Jiaotong Univ, Sch Publ Adm, Cheng, Peoples R China.
the reform of the economic system;the marketization of interest rate;the marketization of exchange rate;gradual reform
Economic reform is the core of deepening the reform of our country nowadays, and this paper will focus on the marketization reform direction of China's interest rate and exchange rate. This paper starts from domestic and international economic environment, facing the marketization reform of China's interest rate and exchange rate. Then it elucidates three drawbacks, which are the existing foreign exchange market instability, the market-oriented reform of interest unbalance and the slow market-oriented reform of interest rates respectively. The article follows by analyzing the marketization reform direction of China's interest rate and exchange rate by synthesis at three aspects, which are the selection of path to the market-based reform of interest rate and exchange rate, marketization reform and gradual reform which is in favor of the interest rate and exchange rate marketization development. In the future, China should always go ahead in the direction of marketization reform unswervingly.
[Xiaoman, Chen] College of Mobile Telecommunications, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 401520 Chong Qing, China;[Yi, Lin] School of Public Administration, Southwest Jiaotong University, 610031 Cheng Du, China
International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications, IEA 2011
October 21, 2011 - October 23, 2011
(1) School of Public Administration, Southwest Jiaotong University, 610031 Cheng Du, China; (2) College of Mobile Telecommunications, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 401520 Chong Qing, China